Evacuation is a preventive measure that moves the population temporarily from a pre-set zone as protection from exposure to radiation from a damaged reactor. This is the ultimate protective measure that can only be put in place in the right conditions.
The decision is taken to evacuate the population from regions that could be affected by radioactive release if people are likely to be exposed to levels higher than the reference level of 100 mSv (effective dose).
After the authorities announce an evacuation, the people concerned should place a change of clothes and shoes, toiletries, all their important medication, identity documents and payment methods into a plastic bag that can be closed tight. They should close the doors and windows of their home.
People are asked to leave the region affected by their own means, for example in their own car, taking care to close all the windows tightly and turn off the ventilation and air conditioning systems in their vehicle. They should listen to one of the national radio stations and follow the routes advised by the police.
For those who are unable to leave their areas without outside help...
...public transport should be used, insofar as it remains operational. Special transport will also be arranged, and the authorities will designate assembly points from which evacuation by bus or train will be organised.
People who are unable to leave their areas without outside help (people who are unwell, who have a disability or are immobile)...
...should phone the local authorities who will be able to provide assistance in evacuation. The evacuation of schools and childcare facilities, hospitals, sheltered workshops as well as retirement or convalescent homes is organised by the authorities.