The three countries that neighbour the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg all have nuclear sites located within a 100 km radius that produce over 10,000 megawatts of electricity (MWe).
The closest nuclear reactors, those at Cattenom in France and Tihange in Belgium, are all pressurised water reactors.
The closest nuclear power station to Luxembourg is Cattenom in France, which is located 8.5 km south of the border and 25 km from Luxembourg City. This nuclear power station has four pressurised water reactors each with a power output of 1,300 MWe. The first started production in April 1987 and the fourth in January 2012. Cattenom nuclear power station is France's second largest in terms of electricity production.
There is a second French nuclear power station in Chooz, 70 km west of the border with Luxembourg. The station has two sections (Chooz A, a Franco-Belgian constructed and run project, and Chooz B, a French project) with three 1,450 MWe nuclear reactors.
The Tihange nuclear power station is located 65 km north-west of Luxembourg. The three reactors have an overall output of 3,016 MWe and account for around 30% of Belgian electricity production.
The Bibis nuclear power station is one of the oldest in Germany, and has been inactive since March 2011 following the decision of the federal government of Germany to stop using civil nuclear power.
The Philippsburg nuclear power plant has two reactors: the first unit, a boiling water reactor with an output of 926 MW, was shut down in March 2011 and the second unit, a pressurised water reactor with an output of 1,458 MW, will be shut down in 2017.